Social exclusion

Social exclusion is a concept used in many parts of the world to characterise contemporary forms of social disadvantage. Dr. Lynn Todman, director of the Institute on Social Exclusion at the Adler School of Professional Psychology, suggests that social exclusion refers to processes in which individuals and entire communities of people are systematically blocked from rights, opportunities and resources (e.g. housing, employment, healthcare, civic engagement, democratic participation and due process) that are normally available to members of society and which are key to social integration.

The outcome of multiple deprivations that prevent individuals or groups from participating fully in the economic, social, and political life of the society in which they live.

Another definition of this sociological term is as follows:

Social exclusion is a multidimensional process of progressive social rupture, detaching groups and individuals from social relations and institutions and preventing them from full participation in the normal, normatively prescribed activities of the society in which they live.

An inherent problem with the term, however, is the tendency of its use by practitioners who define it to fit their argument. It is a term used widely in the United Kingdom and Europe, and was first utilized in France. It is used across disciplines including education, sociology, psychology, politics and economics.

In social excluding communities, weak social networking limits the circulation of information about jobs, political activities, and community events.

In sociology, marginalisation (British/International), or marginalization (U.S.), is the social process of becoming or being relegated to the fringe of society e.g.; “the marginalization of the underclass”, “marginalisation of intellect”, etc.

Some[who?] believe that exclusion in the countryside is as great as, if not greater than, that in cities. In rural areas there is less access to goods, services and facilities, making life difficult in many respects.

Social exclusion relates to the alienation or disenfranchisement of certain people within a society. It is often connected to a person’s social class, educational status, relationships in childhood[5] and living standards and how these might affect access to various opportunities. It also applies to some degree to people with a disability, to minority, of all sexual orientations and gender identities (the LGBT community), to the elderly, and to youth (Youth Exclusion). Anyone who deviates in any perceived way from the norm of a population may become subject to coarse or subtle forms of social exclusion. Additionally, communities may self-exclude by removing themselves physically from the larger community, for example, in the gated community model.

Most of the characteristics listed in the following paragraphs are present together in studies of social exclusion, due to exclusion’s multidimensionality. One of the best descriptions of social exclusion and social inclusion are that they are on a continuum on a vertical plane below and above the ‘social horizon’; they have a ten-phase modulating (“phase” because they increase and decrease [modulate] with time) social structure: race, geographic location, class structure, globalization, social issues, personal habits and appearance, education, religion, economics and politics.

Source: http://www.wikipedia.com

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City leaders gather for Town Hall meeting on violence


SEATTLE — City leaders came together Monday night for a Town Hall meeting aimed at making Seattle a safer place.

With 21 homicides in the past six months, Seattle residents are fed up and demanding answers. Many people in attendance at Monday’s meeting say they’ve heard a lot of talk from city leaders, but not enough focus on solutions for making the city safer.

Members of the Seattle Peace Chorus gathered outside of Town Hall at the memorial for Gloria Leonidas, who was gunned down just a few weeks ago by Café Racer shooter Ian Stawicki.

“What do you do? What does one person really do?” said Bob Shupe of the Seattle Peace Chorus.

Inside Town Hall, a panel of city leaders focused on issues ranging from gun control to the effectiveness of school systems and trust in the police force.

Source: http://www.komonews.com

Let’s do it again: Local Youth Assist Capitol Hill Homeless


From July 2011: On a rainy night on Capitol Hill it’s hard to stay dry when you are trying. Even our trusty hoods and umbrellas don’t prevent us from that feeling of total wetness that doesn’t dry until July. For homeless youth, downpours like the heavy storm on Saturday night can be a true test of how to stay warm and dry without the benefits of proper clothing and shelter.

Luckily, a spirited and dedicated team of youth from Bothell trudges to the Hill to give clothing and other items to anyone on the streets in need. They hail from Seattle Pacific University, Eastside Foursquare Church, and other friends. Joining leader Karina, they all stand under the awning of the QFC on the corner of Broadway and Pike with plastic tubs loaded with items donated from churches and other resources from Bothell. For four months they have shared their energy and enthusiasm with our community in our neighborhood.

Source: http://blog.seattlepi.com